“Russia will certainly take the necessary steps to ensure that the Idlib de-escalation zone is not attacked. Together, we will ensure that third-party provocations and violations of the agreement are flushed out and avoided. The agreement was negotiated on 22 October 2019 at a diplomatic summit in Sochi, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. [1] Negotiations on the agreement lasted six and a half hours. [22] Russia negotiated a ceasefire and negotiated the agreement in 1992. The agreement essentially established a ceasefire between Georgian and South Ossetian forces, but also defined a conflict zone around the capital of South Ossetia, Tskhinvali, and established a security corridor along the border of unrecognized areas of South Ossetia. The agreement also established a joint control commission and a peacekeeping body, the Joint Armed Forces Peacekeeping Group (JPKF). The JPKF was placed under Russian command and consisted of peacekeeping forces from Georgia, Russia and North Ossetia (the separatist government of South Ossetia is not yet recognized; However, South Ossetia`s peacekeeping forces served in the North Ossetian contingent). In addition, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) said it was ready to monitor the ceasefire and facilitate negotiations. [1] [2] The OSCE has sought to eliminate sources of tension, support the existing ceasefire and create a broader policy framework to mitigate long-term discord. [3] [4] Last week`s U.S.-Turkish agreement did not set the size of the area in which Turkey also plans to bring back up to 2 million of its 3.6 million Syrian refugees – a policy critics call demographic engineering. In 2003, Russian President Vladimir Putin met with Georgian President Shevardnadze and Abkhazian Prime Minister Gennady Gagulia, Russian President Vladimir Putin, President of Georgia, Mr. Shevardnadze and Abkhazian Prime Minister Gennady Gagulia, the creation of a Georgian-Russian-Abkhazen Working Group on Confidence Measures (CBM).

The parties have tried to facilitate the return of refugees and economic reconstruction. The Sochi process meant a retreat from multilateralism to a bilateral format that left Georgia alone to face Russia and the Abkhazians. It was also seen that Georgia`s argument that the Geneva process was the only format for a comprehensive settlement of the conflict would be compromised. [7] In 2004, Russia was considered a violation of the agreement when a Russian company began maintenance work on the Sochi-Sukhumi railway line, which was legally Georgian, although controlled by Russia and the Abkhazians. This measure was considered an offence in which recovery could only be done in parallel with the safe return of Georgian refugees to Abkhazia from the Gali district. But no progress has been made on the return of refugees, so unilateral Russian actions on rail are contrary to the Sochi agreement. [8] [7] However, the return of refugees has not progressed. [Citation required] In addition to the Syrian crisis, Ankara and Washington have failed to agree on a possible Turkish purchase of Russian defence systems.